Art of colour grading

June 7, 2018

Colour grading is essential and final part of film making that exist for a years now, I'm going to find out how colourist approached this task since first colour film cameras, tapes they had. I want to find information's about tools and advanced technology they used at the time and get to know science behind it. I want to find out differences and evolution between manual, physical Techniques, to very first digital film grading. I'm going to research it because in my opinion film does not exist without colour grading. It doesn't matter what kind of film we shoot, party, wedding, holiday video, by colouring our project we giving much more deep felling to the audience. We are able to enhance our film and we also can set right theme, style to the specific scene or story we want to tell. I'm going to use google, YouTube and library to find my answers and explore history of very important process of film making, that has a huge impact to us.

History of colour film

To understand colour grading properly, we have to go back to history of the film colour and explore first Technics that was applied to film. I'm going to point out few most interesting historical facts and Technics that was announced in industry to transform film from black&white to colour.

1861 first colour photograph by James clerk Maxwell, The idea depends to Cobain three same images with three different filters, red, green, blue

 

1895 -Thomas Edison released first hand tinted film called ''Annabelle serpentine dance'' https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kplgIO9F7Pg

1902- "A Trip To The Moon" was completely hand-painted https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXgTFBIwDCc

1904- the Lumiere brothers patented the first commercially-successful color photography process, which they called Lumiere Cinecolor.

They coded red, green and blue-dyed potato starches and put them on a glass auto comb plate that they loaded in to the camera.

1916 Technicolor black&white film with separate red and green filters combined together to make colourful image. Fist film produced by this technique https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6rjFuHYZWA Most recognisable future film produced by this technique was ''The adventures of robin hood'' by Warner brothers in 1938.

1932 invented 3 colour film process full rgb. Disney announced fist carton called ''Flowers and trees'' using this technique https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BqM8nU7-b8

1950 kodac estmancolor first single 35mm tape colour negative used in film industry

 

 

As we can see analog colour grading has to come long way to learn how to transform black&white image to colourful film. There was few different techniques practised since beginning and chemical science behind it. From simple primitive filters to 35mm rgb tape.

Digital colour grading

1990 first film fully graded in digital way ''O, Brother'' https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=YZtgZ5fHOuU

Digital film grading is cheaper, faster and more efficient this days, film makers and specifically Hollywood uses colour grading to set right cinematic atmosphere and tone to their images. Colour grading it's huge thing in industry, from setting right colour space in camera to final grading corrections in post productions. Most popular theory about cinematic grading is called blockbuster, where orange and teal colours combined together makes perfect contrast between each other, orange relates to skin and light and teal relates mostly to sky, sea and background.

http://theabyssgazes.blogspot.co.uk/2010/03/teal-and-orange-hollywood-please-stop.html

https://priceonomics.com/why-every-movie-looks-sort-of-orange-and-blue/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZZgiSUyPDY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b2nPaGYkQSs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SOWML0CLATc

 

 

sources

 

Books

Chromatic Cinema: A History of Screen Color

https://www.dawsonera.com/abstract/9781444320084

Film Technology in Post Production pt80 film grading for answers.
https://www.dawsonera.com/abstract/9780080494883
Color coretion handbook from pt179

 

Videos

3 videos course. https://www.lynda.com/Premiere-Pro-tutorials/Exploring-early-history-image-color/179053/413507-4.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRheZ_MUYiY

 

articles

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_motion_picture_film

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_grading

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_photography

 

 

 

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